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Ayaz Mutalibov

Аяз Муталивоб - первый президент Азербайджанской республики

First President of the Republic of Azerbaijan after independence (1990 to 1992).

During this period, Azerbaijan declared a war on the Armenian-populated Nagorno-Karabakh, where before this a planned de-armenisation was going on, resulting in complete loss of Nagorno-Karabakh by Azeris and coming under control of Armenians.

Born May 12, 1938 in Baku in the family physicians. His father, Niyazi Mutalibov, was a surgeon, MD, a veteran of World War II. His mother, Kubra Mutalibova, a gynecologist, has worked all her life in a nursing home. She died in 1988.

In 1956 Ayaz Mutalibov graduated from the Baku secondary school #189. During his school years was fond of jazz music, for that has been criticized in the wall newspaper, as a dude and mimic of the reactional Western culture. He played for the school team in the urban school volleyball competitions.

In 1956-62 he studied at the Azerbaijan Institute of Petro-chemistry after Azizbekov.

In 1959, Ayaz Mutalibov starts working at the Baku Plant of electric home-appliances. Ayaz Mutalibov worked for this company for more than 15 years, having passed all stages of the job hierarchy - from the master of the assembly shop to the plant director. In 1974 he became general director of the "Bakelektrobytmash” production holding.

In 1977, Ayaz Mutalibov was elected the second secretary of the Narimanov District Committee of the Communist Party of Azerbaijan.

In 1979, A. Mutalibov was appointed as minister of local industry of Azerbaijan. 1982 be appointed to the post of chairman of the State Planning Committee (Gosplan) of the Republic and simultaneously becomes the Vice-Chairman of the Council of Ministers of Azerbaijan. In this position, Ayaz Mutalibov worked until January 1989.

Since January 1989 A. Mutalibov was the Chairman of the Council of Ministers of Azerbaijan SSR.

On January 24, 1990 he was elected first secretary of the Communist Party of Azerbaijan. Moreover, on the initiative of the Ayaz Mutalibov election is held on an alternative basis.

In May 1990 the Supreme Soviet of Azerbaijan elects Ayaz Mutalibov as a president.

In September 1991, Ayaz Mutalibov suspended its authority and has called for direct and alternate presidential elections, believing that only thus his legitimacy can be confirmed. An overwhelming majority of the people of Azerbaijan elects Ayaz Mutalibov its first President.

Immediately after the election the last congress of the Communist Party of Azerbaijan is convened, where Ayaz Mutalibov comes out of the Communist Party and Communist Party of Azerbaijan decides to dissolve itself.

February 25, 1992 - the opposition insists on convening an extraordinary session of the Supreme Soviet of the republic, where it demands to impeach the president, entrusting him with the blame for the escalation of the situation in Nagorno-Karabakh. For two days, MPs were held hostage by the armed opposition. To avoid the inevitable bloodshed, Ayaz Mutalibov was forced to resign.

May 14 of that year - the Supreme Council of the Republic, having heard the report of the Parliamentary Commission of Inquiry on Nagorno-Karabakh, and finding no direct fault of Ayaz Mutalibov withdraws his resignation and restores him as president. The next day members of the Popular Front organized riots, as result of which A.Mutalibov was forced to leave the country and to become a political emigrant for many years.

Since that time he lives in Moscow. Engaged in writing and journalistic activities (the book "Karabakh - black garden", a number of articles), and in addition manages the activities of the regional public cultural and educational center “For the progress of Azerbaijan”. In addition, 4 September 1999 the grand opening of the first and so far the only Azeri mosque in Moscow was held, built on the initiative of Ayaz Mutalibov.

He is married and has two children and two grandchildren. Hobbies: reading, music. Up to 45 years was actively engaged in sport, the most favorite kind was volleyball. In his student years was involved in fencing.

 

Related:

Ayaz Mutalibov was expatriated for truth about Khojaly

 

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